Green Logistics Packaging Review

First, the concept of green logistics

H. J. WU and S. Dunn believes that green logistics is responsible for the environment of the logistics system, including the acquisition of raw materials. The production, packaging, transportation, and warehousing of products are delivered to the end user's hands and the forward logistics process is green. It also includes reverse logistics of waste recycling and disposal in China's "Logistics Terminology" published in 2001. The definition of green logistics is: In the process of logistics, while inhibiting the logistics from causing harm to the environment. To achieve the purification of the logistics environment. Make full use of logistics resources.

Second, what is the packaging based on green logistics

Green packaging that is no pollution packaging. Refers to packaging materials and products that are non-polluting, recyclable, or reusable. In other words: The entire process of packaging products from the choice of materials, product manufacturing, sales, transportation, use, recycling, etc. should meet the requirements of the green logistics and meet the requirements of the ecological environment. Packaging based on green logistics mainly includes the following features:

1 From the perspective of purpose: it is conducive to further promote the development of green logistics. It is conducive to the protection of natural resources. Minimize damage to the ecological environment 2 In principle, it is necessary to comply with the principle of 4R+1D. Reduce: Reduce the use of packaging materials and oppose over-packaging; Reuse: promote recycling; Recycle pays attention to recycling and recycling; Recover: Use packaging waste to obtain energy materials. :Degradable: Decomposes and decomposes, which helps eliminate white pollution.

Third, the packaging strategy based on green logistics

1. From the government level

(1) Strengthen legislative work. In terms of green packaging legislation, compared with Western developed countries, China has always been lagging behind and stagnating. Take Germany as an example. June 1972. The "Garbage Removal Act" was promulgated. In 1986, the original "Law on Waste" was revised and the "About Avoidance and Waste Disposal Act" was promulgated. In 1994, the "Circular Economy Law" was promulgated. Although China promulgated the "Solid Waste Pollution Prevention and Control Law" and other relevant regulations. However, there are no specific packaging management regulations. Our country should learn from the experience of foreign packaging legislation. Formulate the "Green Packaging Law" adapted to China's national conditions. And through a principle: "Who polls who is responsible for whoever exploits resources who use waste."

(2) Use the leverage of taxation. Opens a new tax item for packaging. Such as material tax and packaging tax plastic tax. A material tax is imposed on the company that produces the packaging material. If the packaging material uses natural resources, it will be taxed more heavily if recycled materials are used. The burden is lighter. The main purpose of this tax increase is to reduce the use of natural resources and encourage the use of recycled materials. The packaging tax is levied on the goods production companies. If you use all packaging materials can be recycled packaging materials. Can be tax-free if part of the product packaging used recycled materials. A lower tax is levied; higher taxes are levied if all of the goods used in the packaging are irreversible or recycled materials. Plastics tax on plastic bags to increase the price of plastic bags. Reduce the use of plastic bags. For example: The Irish Environment Ministry has been implementing plastic taxes since. The plastic bags used by consumers have been reduced by more than 95%, and the annual national budget has been reduced by 110. Million euros.

2 From the corporate level:

As the main body of packaging, enterprises play an important role in the green packaging activities. Its main task can be summed up as follows: 3G (3 green) is also: greening of packaging marks, greening of packaging materials, and greening of packaging culture.

(1) The greenization of packaging marks Under the promotion of the green consumption wave, people are not only concerned with the quality of the goods, the exquisite packaging, but also whether they are in compliance with environmental protection requirements and whether there is a green mark in the packaging. At the same time, green packaging has become a barrier for developed countries to hinder the entry of developing country goods into the international market. The formation of "green packaging barriers" if the product does not have a green mark, some developed countries refused to enter 1:3. And prices and taxes do not give discounts. In view of the above reasons. The development of a green sign is one of the necessary ways for a company to develop powerfully and move toward the world. China's export enterprises need to fully carry out relevant green certification work and promote the environmental labeling system: The first is to actively promote the IS014000 international standard. Through the establishment and implementation of environmental management certification system. Control the generation of pollution at the source, save energy and reduce consumption, reduce pollution treatment costs, and bring comprehensive social and economic benefits to the company. Second, we must actively implement the environmental labeling product system. To allow more export commodities to carry out the certification of environmental standards, and further obtain the environmental label of developed countries so that more out of 1:3 commodities exceeds the green barriers,” obtaining a peer certificate of international product exports.

(2) Greening of packaging materials. The research and development of green packaging materials is the key to the final realization of green packaging. Therefore, it is imperative to vigorously develop new types of green packaging materials. Replace the original contaminated material. Green packaging materials research and development should implement the "4R+1D" principle of the green packaging system. Focus on the development of natural green packaging materials, edible packaging materials and ecological packaging materials. Edible packaging materials instead of traditional plastic packaging technology effectively solve the contradiction between packaging materials and environmental protection. Pay attention to the use of natural green packaging materials. Natural green packaging material refers to the use of renewable natural resources, pollution-free, less energy-consuming processing. Waste can be effectively recycled or quickly decomposed. And packaging materials that do not cause pollution to the environment. These raw materials have the characteristics of low environmental load, abundant resources, and cheap access. Can make full use of bamboo, sawdust, hemp, cotton fabrics, wicker, reed crop stalks, straw and wheat and other raw materials, expand the packaging varieties. Improve technology content. It is an important direction of packaging ecology. Research and develop ecological packaging materials, and ecologically transform traditional packaging. From the perspective of the protection of resources and the recycling of resources, the performance of design materials is examined to meet the requirements of green packaging.

(3) Greening the packaging culture. Packaging culture is an important part of logistics culture. It is the logistics that needs processing, manufacturing, marketing, and product design requirements. As well as the cultural packaging considered together with the green packaging. The greenization of packaging culture is in the theory of sustainable development. Under the guidance of eco-economic theory and eco-ethics theory, green packaging material greening and packaging design greening are realized through the packaging symbol. Enterprises need to achieve a green culture of packaging. Is to: strengthen employees' awareness of green packaging. Regularly conduct training and lectures on green packaging. The content of green packaging is added to the corporate culture so that more employees can identify with green packaging.

Source: Guangdong University of Technology: Fang Hui Zhang Bixi