Who made anti-dumping: Chinese companies "cope with confusion"



In the distressing trade friction response and prosecution work, Chinese companies began to gradually get rid of the weak position, but overseas countries' anti-dumping investigations against Chinese companies have intensified.

On December 19, 2011, the US Federal Circuit Court of Appeals issued a judgment on the non-road tire judicial case, ruling that the US Department of Commerce could not conduct countervailing investigations in the case of China as a non-market economy country.

The head of the Fair Trade Bureau of the Ministry of Commerce of China pointed out in this regard that, so far, the US Department of Commerce has initiated 30 anti-dumping and countervailing investigations on Chinese products without the authorization of domestic laws. This trade remedy is a typical trade. Protectionist practices.

At the same time, the Chinese Ministry of Commerce issued an early warning that India may launch an anti-dumping investigation against Chinese-made solar panels within one month. Once the news is confirmed, this will undoubtedly worsen the Chinese PV industry, which has already been swayed by the US “double-reverse” investigation.

The investment director of a fund company in Shanghai told reporters that as emerging market countries increase anti-dumping investigations on Chinese exports, Chinese companies should think deeply about “who made anti-dumping” and “how to respond to such investigations will become Chinese companies”. A compulsory course for the future."

"Learn war from war"

Chinese PV companies have been battling in foreign markets. First, Solar W orld has filed an appeal against the Chinese PV companies for anti-dumping and anti-subsidy investigations. In October this year, seven US solar panel manufacturers sent to the US Department of Commerce and the United States. The International Trade Commission (ITC) filed a trade complaint requesting the US government to impose restrictions on Chinese solar panels exported to the United States and impose more than 100% anti-dumping duties.

Zhang Lin, a researcher at Great Wall Securities, said that after the European PV market is sluggish, the United States is considered to be one of the most promising markets in the future. However, due to the difficulties of its local PV manufacturers, trade protectionism has begun to heat up, or it has caused certain future Chinese products to enter the United States. Negative impact.

The US anti-dumping investigation is divided into five stages in chronological order, including the filing of the Ministry of Commerce, the review of the International Trade Commission, the preliminary ruling of the Ministry of Commerce, the final ruling of the Ministry of Commerce, and the final decision of the International Trade Commission.

Tong Yueping, a lawyer from Zhejiang Tianzhu Law Firm, told the reporter that if the company involved in the case should not sue, or if there is any incomplete cooperation or non-cooperation such as field verification, it will be recognized as a non-cooperative enterprise. "According to past experience, companies that should not sue or cooperate will impose very high punitive anti-dumping and countervailing duty rates. Therefore, we still encourage enterprises to respond actively."

In July of this year, as China sued the first case of the European Union, the fastener industry enterprises in China produced the first to break the EU anti-dumping trade barrier. After four years, the fastener industry enterprises that produce screw nuts in China finally won the case in the anti-dumping trade dispute case, and the EU market opened again.

On July 19, Jinyi Industrial (601002.SH) from Jiaxing, Zhejiang Province also issued a notice saying that if the EU cancels the legislation and discriminatory anti-dumping measures that are inconsistent with the WTO rules, it will definitely help the company and China's fastener products continue. Export business to the EU region.

Zhang Handong, director of the Zhejiang International Economic and Trade Research Center, believes that the domestic fastener industry represented by the Zhejiang fastener industry has requested the Chinese government to conduct anti-dumping investigations on imported carbon steel fasteners originating in the EU. "At the same time, the government is required to The discriminatory approach in the anti-dumping investigation of the EU dialogue fasteners has resorted to the WTO dispute settlement mechanism to strive for a fair competitive trading environment for Chinese enterprises."

Regarding the calculation of the normal value of the products surveyed in China by the United States, the reporter learned from the authoritative department that since China is considered to be a non-market economy country, the determination of normal value generally adopts the production factors of the products surveyed by Chinese enterprises (ie, the products under investigation are The alternative value of the energy, labor, raw materials, packaging and other factors that need to be invested in the production process.

In the view of the above fund managers, in the past few years, Chinese companies have gradually adjusted their coping strategies and learned the war in the war. "The results of the active response may not be very satisfactory, but for the industry and enterprise development, the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Although anti-dumping is mostly to lose the case, it is worthwhile to save the interests of the company and boost the confidence of the company. Can minimize damage."

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