Industry: Comparing the differences between domestic and international environmental standards in the home industry

For the domestic industry, at present, the environmental standards for domestic applications are mainly for the detection of chemical substances such as “ formaldehyde emission ”, “ heavy metal content ”, “VOC content” and “benzene”. The specific indicators are:

The domestic environmental protection standards are as follows:

At present, the three major environmental standards agreed by the international home furnishing industry are: DMF (skin allergy element), REACH53, CARB standards. These three international environmental standards are complementary and there is no overlap between them! The specific content is:

I. REACH 53 standards

REACH is a regulation of the 28 member states of the European Union for the preventive management of all chemicals entering their markets. On December 18, 2006, the European Parliament and the Council of the European Union formally adopted the Chemical Registration, Evaluation, Authorization and Restriction Regulations (REACH) to prevent the management of all chemicals entering the EU market. The regulation came into effect on June 1, 2007, and was implemented on June 1 of the following year. The competent authority is the European Chemicals Agency (ECHA).

This standard requires that 53 SVHC substances in all chemicals with an annual production capacity of more than 1 ton not exceed 0.1% of the total item weight. This standard is based on test project content, technical requirements, limit parameters, test complexity, Supply chain control system, etc., the current domestic standards have not been implemented.

1. From the content of the test project, in addition to the substances listed in the country, there are already REACH53 items, and REACH53 plus 48 other chemicals;

2. From the technical requirements, the limit parameters of REACH 53 environmental protection standards are several times stricter than the domestic standards;

3. From the perspective of test complexity, REACH53 has been initially implemented since 1976 and has been committed to gradual improvement. From 2008, the first batch of 15 projects has been implemented to 53 now, which is a planned and sustainable development. The objective of the sub-regulation is to be consistent with the EU's international obligations under the WTO framework to protect human health and promote a non-toxic environment;

4. From the perspective of supply chain control system, the operation of this regulation must be traced back to the most upstream supply system, and it must be transparent and systematic steps to complete.

Second, DMF (Chinese name dimethyl fumarate) content

Since May 1, 2009, it has been listed by the EU as a more stringent regulation. EU member states must ensure that products containing dimethyl fumarate are prohibited from entering the market; products containing dimethyl fumarate already in the market must be withdrawn from the market and recalled from consumers; consumers must be informed The risk of this product.

DMF is mainly used for sterilization, mildew prevention, etc. in the production, storage and transportation of leather, footwear and textiles; mold and preservation of food, grain, fruits and vegetables, feed and tobacco; in addition, some factories will spray DMF in The product or packaging is used for sterilization and mildew proof and then exported to EU countries. It is prone to allergies after contact with the skin and can cause skin eczema and burns.

Third, the US CARB standard

CARB is a US regulation for the release of formaldehyde from plates. At present, this regulation is one of the most stringent standards for formaldehyde emission of composite wood products, and requires factories to supervise the production process of the factory in strict accordance with the quality management system required by regulations; from January 1, 2009, it has not passed the CARB certification. Both composite wood products and finished products containing composite wood products are not eligible for a "green card" entering California.

The formaldehyde emission of CARB regulations is seventy times more stringent than the domestic formaldehyde emission standard. CARB is the abbreviation of “California Air Resources Board California Air Resources Committee”. On April 27, 2007, CARB held a public hearing based on the survey and approved “Airborne Toxic Control Measure (ATCM)”. "to reduce the amount of formaldehyde released from wood products.

In April 2008, it was finalized 93120-93120.12. On April 18, 2008, the California State Administrative Act Office approved the Air Traffic Control Measures (ATCM) issued by the California Air Resources Board (CARB) to reduce formaldehyde emissions from composite wood products, which has been incorporated into California Act No. 17. .

CARB regulations are implemented in two phases (Phase 1 and Phase 2)

The first stage (P1) begins on January 1, 2009, and requires the use of the climate chamber method ASTM E 1333 or ASTM D 6007 to test the formaldehyde emission of the board. The hard plywood (HWPW) must be less than 0.08ppm/M3, particle board (PB). Must be less than 0.18ppm/M3, medium density fiberboard (MDF) must be less than 0.21ppm/M3.

The second phase (P2) will continue to implement the requirements in the regulations from 2010 onwards. This regulation not only requires factories that produce sheet metal, but also has strict requirements for furniture factories, importers, traders, and retailers. It is required that the hard plywood (HWPW) must be less than 0.05 ppm/M3, the particle board (PB) must be less than 0.09 ppm/M3, and the medium density fiberboard (MDF) must be less than 0.11 ppm/M3.

Among them, the specific requirements for the board manufacturer are as follows:

The formaldehyde emission of the board must meet the requirements of the standard, and third-party certification must be mandatory (the factory should establish a quality management system and quality control laboratory as required), and the product must be labeled with a qualified label.

It can be seen from the above that in addition to requiring the product to be tested, the regulation requires the factory to establish a quality control laboratory and a quality management system in strict accordance with the regulations to supervise its own products, and to ensure that each batch of plates produced by the factory is Qualified products. This is the biggest difference between CARB regulations and other regulations, and it is the most difficult point to obtain CARB certification.

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